¿Un fantasma que ‘viste del negro más profundo’? Evocando a Drácula a través de arquetipos victorianos góticos y de género en La mujer de negro de Susan Hill

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Marta Miquel-Baldellou

Resumen

Susan Hill ha publicado una serie de novelas de fantasmas que rinden homenaje a las narraciones clásicas victorianas. La crítica neo-victoriana investiga obras contemporáneas que evocan el pasado victoriano con el propósito de revisitar y reinterpretar este periodo histórico desde una perspectiva actual. La novela La mujer de negro (1983) de Susan Hill presenta importantes paralelismos con la novela victoriana tardía de Bram Stoker, Drácula (1897), especialmente en la caracterización de la Mujer de Negro, puesto que, pese a tratarse de un fantasma, este personaje muestra una similitud reveladora con la mujer vampiro Lucy Westenra e incluso con el propio Drácula, a la par que rememora arquetipos victorianos de género, como la mujer caída o la figura del dandi que el arquetipo gótico del vampiro simboliza.

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Miquel-Baldellou, M. (2021). ¿Un fantasma que ‘viste del negro más profundo’? Evocando a Drácula a través de arquetipos victorianos góticos y de género en La mujer de negro de Susan Hill. VERBEIA. Revista De Estudios Filológicos. Journal of English and Spanish Studies, 7(6), 112-134. https://doi.org/10.57087/Verbeia.2021.4346
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